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 RSA: The Lebanon Rapid Situation Assessment and Responses Study on Substance Abuse  University studies: Lebanon Substance Use Universities Monitoring Study (1991-1999)
RSA: The Lebanon Rapid Situation Assessment and Responses Study on Substance Abuse

 The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and IDRAAC conducted, during the year 2001, a Rapid Situation Assessment (RSA) Study to assess the prevalence and pattern use of a variety of substances, both licit (alcohol, non medical use of tranquilizers, medicinal opiates, etc) and illicit (cannabis, heroin, cocaine, XTC). The study was conducted in collaboration with a number of institutions and experts working in the field of substance use, whose dedication and active participation rendered this research endeavor a reality.

IDRAAC collected data from several sources, including high schools, universities, Drug enforcement Offices of the Internal Security Forces, treatment and rehabilitation centers, prison, and other institutions. IDRAAC also organized several focus group discussions and key informant interviews to gather the perceptions and opinions of experts and key professionals working in the field of substance use (treatment, social work...).

 Following the compilation of data, IDRAAC conducted, in collaboration with the UNODC,  the first of two workshops in January 2002 (Phase I) that provided a chance for the UN officials and RSA participants (including government representatives, heads of NGOs active in the field of substance use, treatment experts, school directors, and other professionals) to discuss the results and thereafter develop initial recommendations relating to substance use prevention, treatment, and the law enforcement services.

These recommendations served as a basis for developing a proposal for a National Action Plan (NAP) Framework for Drug Demand Reduction in Lebanon. During Phase II of the workshop series (May 2002), which was organized by the UNODC and IDRAAC under the auspices of HE Mr. Elias El Murr, the Minister of Interior of Lebanon, the proposed NAP was discussed, and final inputs were gathered from a larger pool of experts including government officials, health professionals, and the media. Presentations based on this study can be found below.

The final report, detailing the methodology of the study, its findings, and the final recommendations has been released.

To view the full report, please click here.

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IDRAAC’s Presentations and International Conferences about RSA

Karam EG (October, 2005). “Substance Abuse in Lebanon and the Arab World: A Review of the Epidemiological Studies”. Research Presentation at New Perspectives for the Prevention and Treatment of Addiction, Skoun Conference, Beirut, Lebanon. 

Karam EG (May 2005) “Les recommendations du RSA” and “Les résultats du RSA”. Research Presentation at the 1er Colloque Francophone d’Addictologie: Dépendance au Cannabis, Marrakech, Morocco.

Karam EG, Ghandour L, and Maalouf W (November 2003). “Lebanon Substance Abuse: Rapid Situation Assessments & Responses”. Presentation given during the 125th Annual Medical Conference on Adolescent Mental health, Children’s Rights and Services. Saint George Hospital University Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Karam EG, Ghandour L, and Yamout K (IDRAAC, Lebanon). Mehdi A., Abdool R., Villadsen L. (UNODC, Egypt) (May 2002). “Substance Abuse in Lebanon: Where are we?”, a National Conference conducted under the auspices of HE the Minister of Interior of Lebanon, and in collaboration with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Institute for Development, Research, Advocacy and Applied Care (IDRAAC), and the Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology at St. George Hospital University Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Karam EG, Ghandour L, and Yamout K (IDRAAC, Lebanon), Abdool R, Schieffer W (UNODC, Egypt) (January 2002). A National Action Plan Workshop for Drug Demand Reduction in Lebanon, conducted in collaboration with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Institute for Development, Research, Advocacy and Applied Care (IDRAAC), and the Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology Department at St. George Hospital University Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Karam EG, Ghandour L , Yamout K, Maalouf W  (IDRAAC, Lebanon). Sallaj A, Shareef M (Ministry of Health, Jordan) (May 2001). “Rapid Situation Assessments: Methodological Issues”. Joint Workshop. IDRAAC, Beirut-Lebanon, Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan.

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University studies: Lebanon Substance Use Universities Monitoring Study (1991-1999)

A substance use university monitoring study was initiated by IDRAAC in 1991, and was conducted in two waves (Phase I: 1991 and Phase II: 1999) in order to examine the patterns, trends, and possible risk factors of substance use among university students in Lebanon. A random sample of 25% of the student population (approximately 2000 students) of two major private universities was selected. Data was collected using a self-administered instrument based on the Diagnostic Interview Schedule, version III in Phase I and version IV in Phase II. Several substance use indicators were assessed, namely: ever use, more than five times use, daily use, abuse and dependence (based on DSM-III criteria in Phase I and DSM-IV criteria in Phase II). The study surveyed the pattern of use of several licit and illicit substances (alcohol, nicotine, tranquilizers, barbiturates, morphine, stimulants, codeine, cannabis, cocaine, and heroin), as well as a number of personal, social, and environmental risk factors. The results of Phase I have been published and those of Phase II are the subject of several upcoming publications. The first of Phase II publications was published in 2004. Presentations based on this study can be found below.

To view the list of publications from the above studies please click here.

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IDRAAC’s Presentations and International Conferences about the University Studies
 

Karam EG (October, 2005). “Substance Abuse in Lebanon and the Arab World: A Review of the Epidemiological Studies”. Research Presentation at New Perspectives for the Prevention and Treatment of Addiction, Skoun Conference, Beirut, Lebanon. 

Karam EG (August, 2005). “Lebanon Substance Abuse: Focus on the Academic Sector”. Research Presentation at the Jeunesse Contre la Drogue (JCD) meeting, Beirut, Lebanon.

Karam EG, Ghandour L, Maalouf W, Yamout K, and Mneimneh Z, (IDRAAC, Lebanon) (November 2003). “Alcohol & Nicotine Use Among University Students” . Presentation given during the 125th Annual Medical Conference on Adolescent Mental health, Children’s Rights and Services. Saint George Hospital University Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Karam EG, Ghandour L, and Maalouf W (October 2001). “Substance Abuse in the Universities”. Yearly National Scientific Conference, Lebanese National Council for Scientific Research, Beirut, Lebanon.

Karam EG, and Maalouf W (September 2000). “Prospective Study of Substance Abuse in the Universities in Lebanon 1991-1999”. General Meeting Of the Royal College of Psychiatrists in the Middle East entitled “Substance Misuse: The Challenges For the New Millenium”, Regency Palace Hotel, Amman-Jordan.

Karam EG, Maalouf W (April 2000). “Usage et Abus de Substances dans la Population Universitaire au Liban: Etude de Suivi IDRAAC (1991-1999)”, UNESCO Palace, Beirut, Lebanon.

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